Boats around 8 m (27 ft) are most interesting for the average sailor. The harbor fees, maintenance work, car if the boat is in the limits for road transport and the costs to buy but sure to build* are still in the range of affordability.
So I have more designs in this range. The DUO 800 trailer catamaran was designed 1989. Many where built. Outstanding journeys as far as Norway (route also on the North Atlantic side) where made. The story of the boat is not finished, some are still under construction. So the plans stay in my portfolio of standard designs.
The demands of today are different. The new DUO 800 S reflects this. Example toilet. The "toilet" in the DUO 800 is a hole in the nacelle. Very efficient, no smells, no repairs. In many countries the are forbidden now. So there is in the new design a separate bathroom with a toilet. The fair sex will appreciate the new setup. The load capacity in relation to the whetted surface is better for symmetrical hulls. People carry now more stuff so I changed to symmetrical hulls. Because of this change the boat is now faster under low wind situation. This is by the way, in my eyes, the only drawback from asymmetrical hulls. The carrying capacity is almost doublet and now 670 kg (1475 lb).
The new designed nacelle has an almost stealth shape. I dit this not as a gimmick but to decrease the construction time. I think also it looks cool. The nacelle is a bit bigger without increasing the weight. By the way, nobody complained about the inside space of the DUO 800 cabin.
The hulls have a trapezoidal cross section. I use this shape a lot. The boats are fast, because of the relative low whetted surface. If correct designed the do not pound. The entrance is a tulip shaped V. Which means much dynamic lift on the bows. The never dive! I chose dagger boards this time. I dit this because this will be a very fast boat. So the apparent wind angle changes quickly forward. The boat sails on the wind. To take the most profit a low leeway angle is important and dagger boards the best means to accomplish this. The plans show a way how to build them the easy way. (See also this article).
The DUO 425 was my first catamaran with a biplane rig (1985). This boat was and is a big success. For my self the most fun boat to sail. After this success story I designed the DUO 800 for the biplane rig. Unfortunately, carbon masts in this time dit not exist, the wooden I designed where not so easy to build. Carbon was very expensive in these days and difficult to get. So I re-designed the boat for a normal sloop rig. Almost all are built with this rig. Here an exception with the biplane rig. The boat was built in India.
Today the situation has improved. First of all you can now buy glass fiber flag poles. These are a perfect base for the masts we need. Some layers of uni directional carbon and biaxial glass (for the torsional load) and a finishing glass cloth layer will be sufficient. I have you, as Duckworks reader, not to tell how much money can be saved with a rig without additional rigging.
The modern free standing rig was developed by Mr. Ljungström 1936. He used double layer sails on a free standing mast without a boom. The mast could rotate to furl and unfurl the sail(s). Today you see more boats with this rig. Having no boom is a big safety feature of course. The biggest boat with this rig was the "Tesla", length 13,5m, sail area 84 m2. He used a "vertical" sort of traveler on some of his boats. A nifty feature to trim the sail. Just visible on the photo below.
Below is the layout of the DUO 800 S - click to enlarge
The settee in the nacelle is 2 m wide and 1,565 m deep. Over the day a roomy settee for up to six persons at night a comfortable double berth. There is a lot of half height lockers. Because of this the room looks bigger as it is. The hanging locker can be omitted, perhaps for a chard table. There is an other hanging locker in the starboard hull. The height in the nacelle is from 1,4m at the entrance to the minimum height of 0,98 m above the seats in the front.
Each hull sports a cockpit. Each cockpit has also a tiller. Because of the cockpits I propose to use only trampolines in between the hulls. The lay out shows no front trampoline. But there are drawings for a front beam and connectors in the drawing set.
Each sail has 19,2 m2 (about 207 square feet). The masts rotate in gravity/Epoxy deck bearings, which are easy to made (is described in the plans). The furler is made from plywood disks and Epoxy. These is direct glued to the mast. Furling and unfurling the sails is done from the safety of the cockpit(s).
As for my other designs the beams are standard Aluminum tubes. These are connected with stainless steel clamps to the hulls. Setting up the boat will take about 2 hours. The most time will be needed to stretch the trampolines. On the trailer the boat stays in the legal limit of 2,44 m (8 feet) width.As mentioned earlier the boat is, as all my designs a ply(wood)/glass/Epoxy composite construction. Still the most cost efficient to build a light and strong and almost maintenance free boat. One of the best parts of the system is that you as amateur can check your work thoroughly to give you confidence in your work and later at sea.
Bernd Kohler - Maisons 04/09/2014
*The construction time for the DUO 800 S is about 900 hours. When you can work 17 hours a week on the boat, the boat is ready after one year.